What are the dimensions of the most common sport courts?
On a full-sized court, the playing area is 28m by 15m, 420m². The safety area around the court should be 2m on each side on competition courts. The total size of the court 32m by 19m, 608m². The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
The 3x3 basketball court playing area is 15m by 11m. 165m². The safety area around the court should be as follows: 1,5m on both sides, 2m under the basket and 1m on side away from the basket on competition courts. The total size of the court 18m by 14m, 252m². The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
A doubles tennis court is 23,77m long and 10,97m wide, with the service line being 6,4m from the net. The total playing area is 260,87m². A single tennis court is 23,77m long and 8,23m wide, with the service line being 6,4m from the net. The total playing area is 195,65m². A standard tennis court court requires at least 36,58m by 18,29m, 668,9m². A tournament court requires 39,62m by 21,34m, or 845,42m², providing space for umpires and player overrun. Suggested measurements for a small tennis court are 32m by 16m, 512m². The lines of the court are between 2.5cm and 5cm wide except for the baselines which are up to 10cm wide.
A padel court size is 20m by 10m, 200m². There is a net across the center of the court, splitting the court into two squares of 10m by 10m. The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
The playing area size on a volleyball court is 18m by 9m, 162m². The total area of the court for competition is 24m by 15m, 360m². The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
The playing area size on a beach volleyball court is 16m by 8m, 128m². The total area of the court for competition 22m by 14m, 308m². The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
Size of a playing court is 40m by 20m, 800m². There should be a safety zone surrounding the playing court, with a width of at least 1m along the side lines and 2m behind the goal. Total court size would be 44m by 24m, 1056m². The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
A badminton court size is 13,4m by 6,1m, 81,74m². For singles the court is marked 5,18m wide. For safety, a miinimum of 2m should be cleared between the back of the court and any wall. 1,5m should be cleared between the side of the court and the wall or another court. The total size of the court is 17,4m by 9,4m, 163,56m². The lines of the court are 4cm wide.
Official dimensions for a football field are 90m-120m by 45m-90m, 4 050m²-10 800m². The run-off area or buffer zone is 3m minimum around the pitch. All lines on the ground must be equally wide, but not exceed 12cm.
The rules allow all rink sizes between 36m by 18m, 648m² and 44m x 22m, 968m², as long as the rink formula is length = 2 x width. The lines of the court are 5cm wide.
Which are main components for building a sport court?
Depending on the surface type or a kind of sports that the court will be built for, ground works are universally unavoidable. For example, building a tennis hard court needs an asphalt foundation. Backyard basketball courts can be laid from street stone, but still need to have gravel and drainage layers underneath. In general, ground works must be done to achieve a levelled, stable and solid ground.
Depending on the sport, a suitable surface type for the court must be chosen. We recommend consulting with an expert to find a best option based on your needs. As there are many different choices available from a same kind of surface type professional knowledge is required to make the most informed decision. In general, a selection is made between the argumentation "hard courts" versus "soft courts". Please note that all surfaces need maintenance.
A fence around the court will highlight the playing area from the surrounding environment. It ensures comfort, while doing sports by protecting the equipment. In addition, a fence helps to ensure the safety of people and animals around the court. In public surroundings, a fence can provide protection against vandalism.
Equipment needed for playing sports should also be a priority. For example, would you prefer to have stationary basketball stand set into the concrete or would you like to have a mobile option? Do you need special equipment for individual trainings? You should also be aware of the need to store your entire inventory. There are so many different products available in various price ranges, so the suitable option can be found. Just think about your project as a whole and set criterias for the expected quality and usage.
In general, extra lighting is not needed for home or even public courts. It really depends on the needs, for example, is a court is in use on late hours too. It is also important to mind the budget of the project. We advise you to consult with a lighting solutions specialist to find out the best option.
How to plan a construction of a sport court?
Choosing the best location for your court is a very important aspect for achieving a satisfying outcome. Be sure to investigate the ground at the planned location, think about landscaping and the possibility of taking down trees or removing bushes. Maybe you have to move some large rocks out of the way to get some more needed free space? Is it possible to access the court area with heavy machinery? In general, the location of the court must be well thought-out in order to avoid any kind of unwanted surprises.
Usually, open space is needed to practice sports. How much room do you have to plan on your preferred court? For example, a small basketball court would need at least 50m2, whereas a standard sized tennis court would take approximately 700m2. Depending on the available area you can decide on a court which would be best suited for you.
Do not forget to think about the safety aspects of a sports court. Are there any kinds of harmful objects near to the active playing and moving areas? For example, are soft protectors needed for surrounding buildings? If the court is located near a busy street, a fence is highly recommended.
Having your own court or building one in generally not cheap. We advise you to set a budget for your planned investment. Of course, for that you would need to have some kind of indication about the cost of the project. For example, you could set up an area for doing sports starting from just from a couple hundred of euros. On the other hand, costs of building a full-sized sport court can go up to 50k or even more. In any case, do not hesitate to contact us and ask for a quotation or at least some rough calculations based on your main ideas.
We recommend you to determine, what sports you want to play on your planned court. A multipurpose court would be the best solution to get the most out of your investment. Keep in mind that returns on investment is best achieved through activel use of the court. We urge you to take your time and think thoroughly about your actual needs.
Based on the general idea for the ourt, you should decide, which type of the surface would be the most suitable for you. It is very common that our clients want to have a very durable and easily maintainable solution. Available options include plastic tiles, rubber, artificial turf, hybrid sand etc. For example, tennis players prefer playing on hard courts as mainly all professional tournaments are played on acrylic surfaces. On the other hand, beach volleyball is played on sand. We advise you to consult with an expert if you are not sure about the right option. There are always some pros and cons for each type of the surface based on the expectations and use of the court.
Specific sports equipment is needed for practicing any kind of sports. They can be all easily found through a court builder or sports equipment retailers. We advise you to think about the quality you are looking for. Also, take into account the need for maintaining the equipment in good condition. Our experience has proven that higher quality products, produced and supplied by well-known companies, are worth their cost in all aspects. We would be happy to help you make a wise decision.
Good lighting conditions are important if you need to use the court 24/7 all year around. Extra lighting also provides better conditions for different weather (ie. cloudy days). Some kind of lighting option is recommended if the court is located in a more shaded area.
Building a sport court takes usually from 4-8 weeks depending on the project. Delivery times (sometimes changing) and potential bad weather conditions need to be taken into account when planning the date of completion. In general, all court builders would like to finish their work in a consistant flow, which is accomplished if everything goes according to plan and without setbacks.
How to maintain different sport court surface types?
A variety of material can cover courts: soil, mud, fallen debris from nearby trees, splashing from watering systems, or even chemicals. Over time, grass or moss can also appear in the interstices of the tiles. You can use leaf blower or a high-pressure cleaner for maintenance. A neutral detergent diluted in water may also help with the cleaning. A damaged tile can be easily replaced. In general, plastic tiles need the least maintenance compared to other surface types. The lifetime of a plastic surface depends mainly upon its quality and usage. In general, a normal plastic surface used intensively will last at least 15-20 years before replacement of the material is required.
Acrylic sport surfaces are very durable and require little maintenance. Basic cleaning will go a long way in preventing premature wear and staining. Watch for evidence of mold or mildew in shaded areas and corners where organic debris tends to accumulate. Indoor courts require both frequent vacuuming and at least one annual wet cleaning with mild detergent solution and soft bristled equipment. Acrylic coatings do not support fungus growth, so growth of fungus or mold is a result from food and drink spills, decaying matter, or other foreign materials on the surface feeding these organisms.
To remove mold, fungus and other organisms on the acrylic surface use: 1) 2 parts household bleach, mixed with 1 part water. Use this solution to treat affected areas. Scrub gently with soft bristled brush and rinse thoroughly after a few minutes. 2) Rinsing court with water is usually sufficient for general cleaning. If there are visible stains on the court surface, a mild detergent can be applied prior to gentle scrubbing with a soft bristled brush.
Rain showers help clean your court. However, dirt accumulates in standing water, leaving stains and piles of debris. This acts like sandpaper under the players’ feet and creates abrasion on the surface. Remove water from birdbaths as often as possible. Leaves and pine needles not only can stain your court, but also are breeding grounds for mold and mildew. It is especially important to remove leaves in the fall and keep your court free of debris all winter.
Use soft nylon or hair-type brooms for scrubbing your surface. Scrubbing too hard with hard bristles can damage the surface. When using a pressure washer, limit pressure and do not hold tip too close to the surface, or coatings can be damaged. Surface pressure washers save time and do not leave a stripes like hand wands.
The lifetime of an acrylic surface depends upon its quality, usage, and its level of maintenance. In general, a normal acrylic surface used intensively will last 6 to 8 years before resurfacing is required.
Synthetic surfaces are made of extremely durable polymers, designed to satisfy all climatic criteria and withstanding constant spike use. However, there is no such thing as a maintenance-free sports surface and a regular check (once a year) and maintenance of the synthetic surface is necessary to preserve the suitability of the surface for its designed use.
Sweep leaves and other detritus from the surface. Clean the surface to remove contaminants such as grime, algae, moss, sand, etc. Apply prophylactic treatments of moss-killer and/or algaecide. Periodically remove weed growth from the perimeter kerb lines.
The lifetime of a rubber surface depends upon its quality, usage, and its level of maintenance. In general, a normal rubber surface used intensively will last 15 years before retopping is required.
It is recommended that every turf system goes through a routine grooming after every 40 hours of use. This equates to usually once every two weeks.
- Grooming of infill and turf
- Combing through your infill keeps your infill layer even across the surface. It will keep fibers extended and standing upright. This will ensure proper footing, ball bounce, gmax, and overall aesthetic appeal.
- Grooming can be accomplished using nylon or polypropylene bristle as well as a comb-like attachment. The brush shall contain NO metal fibers as these could fall out during grooming.
- You may require additional infill (commonly known as a top off) throughout your field’s life, especially in high traffic areas such as goal mouths/lines, sidelines, field entries and exits, and centerfield. These are places that see the most amount of concentrated play or foot traffic.
- Disinfecting the surface
- A field can be compared to a bathtub drain. The term blood, sweat, and tears is an accurate depiction of what is left on a synthetic turf field. These items are likely all found within your turf/infill. Athlete’s sweat, spit, and bleeds on these fields as they put it all on the line to win a game. Rain and sun can only do so much to a field so it’s important to occasionally spray a disinfectant on your field to keep it clean.
- Repairing seams
- By spotting and repairing broken seams early, you can prevent greater future damage. It’s not uncommon for a seam to come apart especially in high traffic areas. It’s important that when it does you repair it quickly. Not repairing a seam can lead to a larger tear in the future, or worse it could lead to injury.
- Stain/Debris removal
- A majority of fields are installed outside. As a result, you will often see debris on the field such as leaves, trash, equipment parts like screws, nuts, or nails, or harder to remove items such as chewing gum, grease, and oil.
- There is equipment available that sweeps a field with magnets while grooming the turf/infill. These magnets will pick up loose debris that could pose a safety hazard for your athletes. Hair pins, nuts, screws, and other loose metal objects will be picked up by the magnet before leading to possible injury.
- Chewing gum and sunflower seeds are discouraged on synthetic fields (yeah, and so is bringing food into a movie theatre but we know people do it). Use approved cleaners to remove items such as chewing gum, equipment oil/grease, or other potentially staining objects.
The lifetime of an artificial turf surface depends upon its quality, usage, and its level of maintenance. In general, a normal artificial turf surface used intensively will last 10 to 12 years before renovation is required.
Brush and water as desired. Brushing helps redistribute the top-dressing material across the court surface. When wet, brushing will help lift more of the loose top dressing out of the fibers and dry the court out. Brushing can be done as needed before or after play.
The lifetime of a hybrid sand surface depends upon its quality, usage, and its level of maintenance. In general, a normal hybrid sand surface used intensively will last at least 20 years before replacement is required.
Brush to redistribute the top dressing that has come loose due to wind or play. Water the court to keep it firm and stable, providing proper traction for the players. If the court already seems moist, this can be skipped. In most cases, clay courts are watered twice a day.
The lifetime of a clay surface depends upon its quality, usage, and its level of maintenance. In general, a well-maintenanced clay court will last as long as it needs to be in use.
Regular cleaning and maintenance of your tennis carpet is a precondition for durability! Please make sure that only non-profiled tennis shoes with bright soles are being used on the court.
The carpet should be cleaned with a brush hoover. The frequency of hoovering depends on the intensity of use and the degree of dirtyness – it should however be done at least every two weeks! The peripheral areas may be cleaned with an ordinary cylinder hoover. When hoovering the courts, look out for protruding pile threads, which should be cut off with a pile scissors. First of all, check the base and the service lines, since these areas a most subject to damages.
For the removal of stains caused by liquids or coloured abrasion, you should as a rule: first use mild cleaning agents and only, if necessary, apply stronger detergents. For example, a stain, which does not disappear only by brush hoovering, should first be treated with clear water before using a chemical substance. This detergent should be sprayed on a remainder piece of carpet, which is then used to rub away the stain. Tennis carpets often show whitish streaks of the fibres, due to strong mechanical impact, e.g., from racket hits or sharp shoe edges. Such extreme impacts cause a partial melting of the fibre filaments when the melting point of the fibre material is surpassed. Very bad streaks may be treated separately with a brush, thus decomposing the fibre conglutination and making the streak disappear.
The lifetime of a carpet surface depends upon its quality, usage, and its level of maintenance. In general, a normal carpet surface used intensively will last at least 20 years before replacement is required.
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